The Difference between Being Vegan and Being Vegetarian
Vegetarians do not consume the products or byproducts of animal slaughter. They do not consume beef, pork and other types of meat. They don’t consume fish, shellfish, animal protein-derived food products, stock or fats from animal slaughter. Instead, they rely on eggs, dairy products and honey, which do not involve slaughtering animals. Compared to veganism, vegetarianism is generally less strict.
Veganism is a way of living, which seeks to exclude and practicable all forms of exploitation of cruelty to animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. Accordingly, vegans strictly avoid consuming meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, eggs, dairy products, honey, different types of animal-based protein, stock or fats. Strict vegans try to avoid any product that directly or indirectly involves the human use of animals, such as the use of leather goods, wool, silk, beeswax, soaps and cosmetics.
Is Being Vegan or Vegetarian Detrimental to Women?
Scientists believe that women’s health is at risk due to the rise in meat-free diets. Young women are more at risk of developing nutritional deficiencies than men because they are more sensitive to the messages about how bad meat and dairy products are for the environment. Consequently, young women who consume little or no red meat and dairy products are at risk of developing vitamin deficiencies. This can lead to health problems in their later life.
People who do not eat meat products are at a greater risk of developing an iron deficiency. Low blood iron levels are among the most common nutritional deficiencies in women and the primary cause of anemia worldwide.
Low iron levels can result in poor physical and mental performance, a compromised immune system, and a higher risk of pregnancy disorders. Fatigue, dizziness, headaches, shortness of breath, paleness, brittle nails and fissures at the corners of the mouth are all common signs of iron-deficiency-based anemia.
Increased Premenstrual and Menstrual Symptoms
According to one observational population study in Australia, Vegetarians show increased premenstrual and menstrual symptoms, as well as irregular cycles and heavier periods. Researchers suggest that the increased premenstrual and menstrual symptoms are potentially due to the differences in iron levels.
The vegetarian or vegan diet causes multiple nutrient deficiencies that affect period cycles. Certain nutrients, such as Vitamin A, Creatine, Vitamin B12, Carnosine, Taurine, Iron, Omega 3, Vitamin D3, and Vitamin K2, are not present in plant-based foods. In addition, low progesterone can cause amenorrhea (absence of periods), anovulation (irregular periods), or heavy periods due to iron, zinc, iodine and vitamin A deficiency. On a plant-based diet, zinc can deplete rapidly and cause irregular periods and skin problems.
Scientific Benefits of a Plant-based Diet
Below are some of the scientific benefits of a plant-based diet:
A lower BMI (i.e., Body Mass Index) can translate into low blood pressure. According to several studies, a plant-based diet can reduce blood pressure, curving the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. People who followed a vegetarian diet had lower blood pressure than those who followed an omnivorous diet. In addition, vegetarians had a 34% lower risk of developing hypertension than nonvegetarians.
Reduced Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cutting back on meat and loading up on plant-based foods can reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease by 16%. Meat contains saturated fat, which contributes to heart issues, especially when consumed excessively.
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
Eating a plant-based diet can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes since plants are lower in saturated fats than animal foods.
Decreased Risk of Cancer
The best way to source cancer-protective nutrients, such as fiber, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals, is to eat a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, grains, beans, nuts and seeds. A plant-based diet promotes a healthy weight and lowers the risk of certain cancers.
Help You Live Longer
According to a Journal of the American Heart Association study, a plant-based diet lowers the risk of all causes of mortality rate by 25%.
A Parting Reminder
If you intend to jump on the bandwagon of veganism or vegetarianism, the first few weeks might be stressful, so don’t put too much pressure on yourself. Talk to your doctor or dietitian if veganism or vegetarianism is appropriate for you. You can start slow with a few plant-based meals and stock up on healthy plant-based foods.
Remember that the transition takes time. It will not happen overnight, so be patient. Just stick with your goals of becoming vegetarian or vegan. Ask some advice from other vegetarians and vegans on how they do it. Keep up and be gentle to yourself as your body becomes acquainted with plant-based foods.